Urethritis Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 12, 2018
  • Author: Martha K Terris, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is urethritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of urethritis?

What is included in the physical exam of male patients with urethritis?

What is included in the physical exam of female patients with urethritis?

How is urethritis diagnosed?

Which lab tests are performed in the diagnosis of urethritis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of urethritis?

Which procedures are performed in the management of urethritis?

When are antibiotics indicated in the treatment of urethritis?

What antibiotics are used in the treatment of urethritis?

What is urethritis?

What is the pathophysiology of urethritis?

Which infectious syndromes are associated with urethritis?

What is the prevalence of urethritis in the US?

What is the global prevalence of urethritis?

What is the mortality and morbidity of urethritis?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of urethritis?

What is the prognosis of urethritis?

Presentation

What is the focus of patient history in the diagnosis of urethritis?

Which factors related to STD risk increase the risk for secondary urethritis?

What is the risk for concurrent STDs in patients with urethritis?

How common is asymptomatic urethritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of urethritis?

What is included in the physical exam of male patients with suspected urethritis?

What is included in the physical exam of female patients with suspected urethritis?

Which general physical findings suggest urethritis?

What are the causes of urethritis?

What are the causes of nongonococcal urethritis (NGU)?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of urethritis?

Workup

How is urethritis diagnosed?

What is the role of Gram stain in the workup of urethritis?

What is the role of urethral cultures in the workup of urethritis?

What is the role of urine studies in the workup of urethritis?

What is the role of nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) in the workup of urethritis?

Which lab tests may be beneficial in the evaluation of urethritis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of urethritis?

When is catheterization indicated in the workup of urethritis?

When is cystoscopy indicated in the workup of urethritis?

When are filiforms and followers indicated in the workup of urethritis?

When is suprapubic tube placement indicated in the workup of urethritis?

Treatment

How is urethritis treated?

Which antibiotics are used for the treatment of urethritis?

How is gonococcal urethritis treated?

How are persistent symptoms of urethritis managed?

What should be included in patient education about urethritis?

When is consultation with a urologist indicated in the treatment of urethritis?

Medications

What is the role of antibiotics in the treatment of urethritis?

Follow-up

What is included in long-term monitoring of patients treated for urethritis?

How is urethritis prevented?

What are the possible complications of urethritis?

What is the prognosis of urethritis?

What information about urethritis should patients be given?