Urethritis Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 18, 2020
  • Author: Dustin L Whitaker, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
  • Print
Questions & Answers

Overview

What is urethritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of urethritis?

What is included in the physical exam of male patients with urethritis?

What is included in the physical exam of female patients with urethritis?

How is urethritis diagnosed?

Which lab tests are performed in the diagnosis of urethritis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of urethritis?

Which procedures are performed in the management of urethritis?

When are antibiotics indicated in the treatment of urethritis?

What antibiotics are used in the treatment of urethritis?

What is the pathophysiology of urethritis?

Which infectious syndromes are associated with urethritis?

What are the causes of urethritis?

What are the causes of nongonococcal urethritis (NGU)?

What is the prevalence of urethritis in the US?

What is the global prevalence of urethritis?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of urethritis?

What is the prognosis of urethritis?

What information about urethritis should patients be given?

Presentation

What is the focus of patient history in the diagnosis of urethritis?

Which factors related to STD risk increase the risk for secondary urethritis?

How common is asymptomatic urethritis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of urethritis?

What is the focus of the physical exam in patients with suspected urethritis?

What is included in the physical exam of male patients with suspected urethritis?

What is included in the physical exam of female patients with suspected urethritis?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of urethritis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Urethritis?

Workup

How is urethritis diagnosed?

What is the role of Gram stain in the workup of urethritis?

What is the role of urethral cultures in the workup of urethritis?

What is the role of urine studies in the workup of urethritis?

What is the role of nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) in the workup of urethritis?

Which lab tests may be beneficial in the evaluation of urethritis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of urethritis?

When is catheterization indicated in the workup of urethritis?

When is cystoscopy indicated in the workup of urethritis?

What is the role of dilators in the workup of urethritis?

When is suprapubic tube placement indicated in the workup of urethritis?

Treatment

How is urethritis treated?

How is gonococcal urethritis treated?

Which antibiotics are used for the treatment of NGU?

How are persistent symptoms of urethritis managed?

When is consultation with a urologist indicated in the treatment of urethritis?

How is urethritis prevented?

What is included in long-term monitoring of patients treated for urethritis?

Medications

What is the role of antibiotics in the treatment of urethritis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Urethritis?

Which medications in the drug class Aminoglycosides are used in the treatment of Urethritis?

Which medications in the drug class Macrolides are used in the treatment of Urethritis?

Which medications in the drug class Tetracyclines are used in the treatment of Urethritis?

Which medications in the drug class Cephalosporins, 3rd Generation are used in the treatment of Urethritis?

Which medications in the drug class Fluoroquinolones are used in the treatment of Urethritis?