Trigonitis Clinical Presentation

Updated: Apr 17, 2015
  • Author: Wellman W Cheung, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Presentation

History

Individuals with squamous metaplastic changes in the bladder may be asymptomatic or present with irritative voiding symptoms (eg, frequency, urgency, dysuria), recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), hematuria, or pelvic pain. Specific attention should be directed at establishing the presence and pattern of specific voiding symptoms.

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Physical

Because trigonitis is a cystoscopic finding, a physical examination is unlikely to identify this lesion. However, a complete genitourinary exam may be helpful in ruling out other causes of symptoms that bring the patient to medical attention.

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Causes

The exact cause of trigonitis is unknown. Please see the Pathophysiology section for further discussion.

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