Trigonitis Follow-up

Updated: Apr 17, 2015
  • Author: Wellman W Cheung, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Follow-up

Deterrence/Prevention

Because it presents a constant source of irritation, chronic indwelling instrumentation of the bladder should be discouraged if better alternatives for bladder drainage are feasible.

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Complications

Nonkeratinizing squamous metaplasia of the bladder is a benign lesion without malignant potential. It does not require follow-up cystoscopy. However, this should be distinguished from keratinizing squamous metaplasia (leukoplakia), which does require follow-up.

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Prognosis

The prognosis for nonkeratinizing squamous metaplasia of the bladder is excellent.

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Patient Education

For excellent patient education resources, visit eMedicineHealth's Cancer Center.

Also, see Medscape Reference articles Cystoscopy (which is necessary to diagnose trigonitis) and Bladder Cancer.

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