Cryptorchidism Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 03, 2018
  • Author: Joel M Sumfest, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is cryptorchidism?

What are the AUA guidelines on cryptorchidism?

When was cryptorchidism first identified?

What is the pathophysiology of cryptorchidism?

What is the prevalence of cryptorchidism?

What causes cryptorchidism?

Which physical findings are characteristic of cryptorchidism?

Which testicular findings are characteristic of cryptorchidism?

Which anomalies and conditions are associated with cryptorchidism?

What is included in the medical history of cryptorchidism?

What is the focus of prenatal history of cryptorchidism?

What is the focus of family history of cryptorchidism?

What is included in the physical exam of cryptorchidism?

When is treatment of cryptorchidism indicated?

How is cryptorchidism treated in postpubertal men?

What is the anatomy of the testis relative to cryptorchidism?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of cryptorchidism?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of cryptorchidism?

Treatment

How is cryptorchidism treated?

What is the role of primary hormonal therapy in the treatment of cryptorchidism?

What is the role of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the treatment of cryptorchidism?

What is the role of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in the treatment of cryptorchidism?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of cryptorchidism?

What are the location-based success rates for the surgical treatment of cryptorchidism?

What is the efficacy of surgery for cryptorchidism?

What is included in the preoperative care of cryptorchidism prior to orchiopexy?

How is the patient positioned for orchiopexy to treat cryptorchidism?

How is surgery performed for the treatment of cryptorchidism with palpable testis?

What are the surgical options for treatment of cryptorchidism with nonpalpable testis?

How is laparoscopic treatment of cryptorchidism performed?

How is standard abdominal orchiopexy performed for the treatment of cryptorchidism with nonpalpable testis?

What is the efficacy of surgical treatments for cryptorchidism with nonpalpable testis?

What is included in postoperative care following orchiopexy cryptorchidism?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of cryptorchidism?

What are the possible complications of orchiopexy for the treatment of cryptorchidism?

What are the possible complications of laparoscopy for the treatment of cryptorchidism?

How is the increased risk of testis cancer managed in cryptorchidism?

How is the increased risk of infertility managed in cryptorchidism?

What is the role of inhibin b in the treatment of cryptorchidism?

What is the role of genetics in the etiology of cryptorchidism?

What is the role of cryptorchidism in intersexuality?

Guidelines

What are the AUA diagnostic guidelines for cryptorchidism?

What are the AUA treatment guidelines for cryptorchidism?

What are the European guidelines on cryptorchidism?