Renoalimentary Fistula Clinical Presentation

Updated: Jan 06, 2021
  • Author: M Francesca Monn, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Presentation

Complications

Left untreated, clinicians can expect to see worsening symptoms of the fistulae. Anemia, urinary tract infections, sepsis, declining renal function, and worsening gastrointestinal and voiding issues are all potential outcomes of untreated fistulae [19] .