Urethral Caruncle Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 02, 2020
  • Author: Kamran P Sajadi, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are urethral caruncles?

How are urethral caruncles characterized?

What is the anatomy of the female urethra relevant to urethral caruncles?

What is the pathophysiology of urethral caruncles?

What is the prevalence of urethral caruncles?

What is the prognosis of urethral caruncles?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of urethral caruncles?

Which physical findings are characteristic of urethral caruncles?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of urethral caruncle?

What are the differential diagnoses for Urethral Caruncle?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of urethral caruncles?

What is the role of biopsy in the workup of urethral caruncles?

What is the role of cystoscopy in the workup of urethral caruncles?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of urethral caruncles?

Treatment

How are urethral caruncles treated?

What is included in conservative treatment of urethral caruncles?

What are the surgical indications for urethral caruncles?

What is included in the preoperative care of urethral caruncles prior to excision?

How are urethral caruncles excised?

What is included in postoperative care following excision of urethral caruncles?

What are the possible complications of urethral caruncles excision?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of patients with urethral caruncles?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of urethral caruncles?

Which medications in the drug class Intravaginal Estrogen are used in the treatment of Urethral Caruncle?