Radical Cystectomy Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 23, 2020
  • Author: Michael Christopher Large, MD; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is bladder cancer?

What is radical cystectomy?

What is the pathophysiology of bladder cancer?

What causes bladder cancer?

What is the US prevalence of bladder cancer?

What is the global prevalence of bladder cancer?

How is bladder cancer diagnosed?

What are the indications for radical cystectomy?

When is radical cystectomy contraindicated?

What is the anatomy of the bladder relevant to radical cystectomy?

What are the types of bladder cancer treated with radical cystectomy?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the preoperative workup for radical cystectomy?

What is the role of imaging studies in the preoperative workup for radical cystectomy?

How is bladder cancer staged prior to radical cystectomy?

What are the stages of bladder cancer?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of bladder cancer?

What is the role of biopsy in the diagnosis of bladder cancer?

Treatment

What are the alternatives to radical cystectomy for the treatment of bladder cancer?

What is the efficacy of radical cystectomy in the treatment of bladder cancer?

What is included in cystoprostatectomy performed during radical cystectomy?

What is included in anterior pelvic exenteration performed during radical cystectomy?

What is the role of bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy during radical cystectomy?

What is included in urinary diversion and reconstruction performed during radical cystectomy?

What is included in outpatient preoperative care for radical cystectomy?

What is the inpatient preoperative care for radical cystectomy?

How are patients prepped for radical cystectomy?

What are the initial steps in radical cystectomy?

How is lymphadenectomy performed during a radical cystectomy?

How is cystoprostatectomy performed during a radical cystectomy?

How is urethrectomy performed during a radical cystectomy?

How is incontinent urinary diversion created during a radical cystectomy?

How is continent urinary diversion created during a radical cystectomy?

How are orthotopic neobladders constructed during a radical cystectomy?

What is a nerve sparing radical cystectomy?

What are the alternative surgical approaches to radical cystectomy?

What is included in postoperative care following radical cystectomy?

What is included in the long-term surveillance following radical cystectomy?

What are the possible complications of radical cystectomy?

What are the reported outcomes of radical cystectomy?

What are the survival rates following radical cystectomy with negative nodes?

What is the prognosis following radical cystectomy with nodal disease?

How does the survival rates following radical cystectomy compare to other treatments for bladder cancer?

What is the role of chemotherapy in patients with lymph node-positive bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy?

What is the role of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients undergoing radical cystectomy?

How do the outcomes of bladder-sparing protocols compare to radical cystectomy?

What is the efficacy of prostate-sparing radical cystectomy?

How do the outcomes of laparoscopic and robot-assisted cystoprostatectomy compare to radical cystectomy?

How does surgical volume affect outcomes of radical cystectomy?

What are the quality of life (QoL) outcomes following radical cystectomy?

What are molecular markers for bladder cancer?