Radical Nephrectomy Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 05, 2019
  • Author: Richard A Santucci, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is radical nephrectomy?

What is the evolution in the development of the radical nephrectomy procedure?

What is the prevalence of renal masses?

Which factors increase the risk of renal cell carcinoma (RCC)?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of renal cell carcinoma (RCC)?

When is radical nephrectomy indicated?

What causes a relapse of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) following radical nephrectomy?

What is the anatomy of the kidneys relevant to radical nephrectomy?

What are the alternatives to radical nephrectomy in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC)?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the preoperative evaluation for radical nephrectomy?

What is the role of imaging studies in the preoperative evaluation for radical nephrectomy?

What is the role of a renal isotope scan in the preoperative evaluation for radical nephrectomy?

How is a thrombus treated prior to performing a radical nephrectomy?

Treatment

How frequently are solid renal masses treated with radical nephrectomy benign?

When is a tissue diagnoses indicated prior to radical nephrectomy?

When is radical nephrectomy the treatment of choice for renal tumors?

What does a radical nephrectomy encompass?

What is the preferred surgical approach for radical nephrectomy?

Why is the adrenal gland removed during a radical nephrectomy?

What is the role of lymphadenectomy in radical nephrectomy?

What is included in preoperative evaluation for radical nephrectomy?

How is radical nephrectomy performed?

How are the possible complications of radical nephrectomy prevented?

What is the life expectancy following a radical nephrectomy?

What is the prevalence of complications from radical nephrectomy?

What are the possible intraoperative complications of radical nephrectomy?

What are the possible postoperative complications of radical nephrectomy?

What is the prognosis following a radical nephrectomy?

Which paraneoplastic syndromes associated with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) can be ameliorated by radical nephrectomy?

What are advantages of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy over open nephrectomy?

Is renal ablative cryosurgery and radiofrequency a viable alternative to radical nephrectomy for the treatment of small peripherally located tumors?

What is the role of combined target therapies and radical nephrectomy in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC)?