Acute Mitral Regurgitation Follow-up

Updated: Dec 28, 2015
  • Author: Daniel DiSandro, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Further Outpatient Care

The definitive treatment of mitral regurgitation remains surgery.

The risk-benefit ratio must be examined carefully with each individual situation prior to a decision to replace the valve.

The 2 primary surgeries are mitral valve replacement and mitral valve repair.

If treated early enough, mitral valve repair is the optimal choice (lower risk of infectious endocarditis and better postoperative left ventricular function).

Repair usually is available only to those whose condition has a nonrheumatic, noninfectious, and nonischemic cause; therefore, candidates for mitral valve repair are few.

Valve replacement should not be undertaken in asymptomatic patients.

Early recognition of even minimal symptoms is crucial in order to attempt to preserve as much left ventricular function as possible.

Chordal transection during replacement surgery results in some impairment of left ventricle function; thus, the more left ventricular function prior to surgery, the better the outcome.

Patients must be educated concerning the warning signs and symptoms (eg, congestive heart failure, chest pain) and should be advised to see their physician early in the course of the disorder, before symptoms progress.

For patient education resources, see Heart Health Center, as well as Mitral Valve Prolapse.