Mitral Stenosis in Emergency Medicine Differential Diagnoses

Updated: May 12, 2020
  • Author: Ethan S Brandler, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

The severity of mitral stenotic disease is underestimated during periods of tachycardia, because a decrease in cardiac output leads to a decrease in the intensity of the murmur.

Administer antibiotic prophylaxis for beta-hemolytic streptococcal infections and prophylaxis for infective endocarditis to patients with mitral valve disease.

Aggressively treat anemia or infections in patients with mitral stenosis.

Differential Diagnoses