Peripheral Vascular Disease Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 31, 2017
  • Author: Everett Stephens, MD; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What causes peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What are the manifestations of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of emboli in the pathophysiology of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What factors affect the severity of an acute manifestation of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

Is the prognosis of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) different for men and women?

What is the risk of complications in peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

Presentation

What is the role of medication history in the evaluation for peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the primary risk factor for peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

Which conditions commonly coexist with peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What are the main risk factors for peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What are less common causes of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

How is intermittent claudication characterized in peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the significance of ischemic rest pain in peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the relationship between erectile dysfunction (ED) and peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of Leriche syndrome in peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of a peripheral vasculature exam in the evaluation of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What are the peripheral signs of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What do paralysis and paresthesia indicate in the exam for peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

How is a cardiac assessment performed in the physical exam for peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

Why is an Allen test performed in the physical exam for peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

How is the appearance of the skin characterized in peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What are the signs of advanced peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of an ankle-brachial index in an exam for peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

How is pallor quantified in the assessment of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Peripheral Vascular Disease?

Workup

Which lab tests are indicated in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What do elevated levels of inflammatory blood markers indicate in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

Is plain radiography indicated in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of arteriography in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of Doppler ultrasonography in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of CT angiography (CTA) in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of radionuclide-based molecular imaging in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

How is an ankle-brachial index (ABI) test performed in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of transcutaneous oximetry in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the role of ECG in the workup of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

Treatment

What are the approach consideration in the treatment of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

How are statins used to treat peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

Which procedures may be indicated in the treatment of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) when conservative measures are not effective?

What is the role of growth factor and cell therapy in the treatment of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the prehospital care for peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the initial emergency department care for peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

How are thrombi and emboli treated in patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

When is surgical consultation indicated for acute limb ischemia associated with peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

How is aortoiliac disease treated in patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

How is arteriostenosis treated in patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

How is pain managed in patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

What is the long-term monitoring of patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) who do not require inpatient treatment?

When should emergency department physicians consult with the primary care providers of patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

Guidelines

What are the AHA and ACC guidelines on peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

Medications

What is the goal of drug treatment for peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

Which medications in the drug class Anticoagulants are used in the treatment of Peripheral Vascular Disease?