Hypoparathyroidism in Emergency Medicine Medication

Updated: Aug 05, 2015
  • Author: Agnieszka Gliwa, MD; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

Hypoparathyroidism is treated primarily with vitamin D. [47] Dietary supplementation with Ca2+ may be necessary.

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Electrolyte supplements

Class Summary

Hypoparathyroidism manifests as hypocalcemia. As a result, calcium supplementation may be indicated.

Calcium gluconate (Kalcinate)

Can be given IV initially, then maintained as high-calcium diet. Some patients require calcium supplementation. The 10% IV solution provides 100 mg/mL of calcium gluconate that equals 9 mg/mL (0.46 mEq/mL) of elemental calcium. One 10-mL ampule contains 93 mg of elemental calcium.

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Vitamin D Analog

Class Summary

Vitamin D enhances absorption of calcium and maintains calcium homeostasis.

Calcitriol (Calcijex, Rocaltrol)

Stimulates absorption of calcium and phosphate from small intestine and promotes release of calcium from bone into blood.

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