Hypoparathyroidism in Emergency Medicine Medication

Updated: Jan 07, 2022
  • Author: Andrew G Park, DO, MPH, FAWM; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Medication Summary

Hypoparathyroidism is treated primarily with vitamin D. [51] Dietary supplementation with calcium may be necessary.


Electrolyte supplements

Class Summary

Hypoparathyroidism manifests as hypocalcemia. As a result, calcium supplementation may be indicated.

Calcium gluconate (Kalcinate)

Can be given IV initially, then maintained as high-calcium diet. Some patients require calcium supplementation. The 10% IV solution provides 100 mg/mL of calcium gluconate that equals 9 mg/mL (0.46 mEq/mL) of elemental calcium. One 10-mL ampule contains 93 mg of elemental calcium.


Vitamin D Analog

Class Summary

Vitamin D enhances absorption of calcium and maintains calcium homeostasis.

Calcitriol (Calcijex, Rocaltrol)

Stimulates absorption of calcium and phosphate from small intestine and promotes release of calcium from bone into blood.