Metabolic Acidosis in Emergency Medicine Medication

Updated: Sep 29, 2022
  • Author: Antonia Quinn, DO; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Medication Summary

Many drugs may be used in the management of a patient with metabolic acidosis. They range from antibiotics for septic shock to toxin antidotes. These agents are discussed in detail under the specific articles for the disease. Bicarbonate is an agent that is considered across the numerous differentials of metabolic acidosis. Its use generally is limited to severe cases of acidosis (pH < 7.1-7.2).


Alkalinizing agent

Class Summary

This agent is used in the treatment of metabolic acidosis.

Sodium bicarbonate (Neut)

Bicarbonate ion is produced when it dissociates and neutralizes the hydrogen ions and raises urinary and blood pH.