Hymenoptera Stings Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 08, 2018
  • Author: Randy Park, MD; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
  • Print
Questions & Answers

Overview

What are Hymenoptera stings?

What is the pathophysiology of Hymenoptera stings?

What is the difference between Africanized honeybee stings and European honeybee stings?

What causes Hymenoptera stings?

What causes anaphylactic and toxic reactions to Hymenoptera venom?

Other than Hymenoptera stings, how is bee venom transmitted?

What causes ant stings?

What is the prevalence of Hymenoptera stings in the US?

What is the global prevalence of Hymenoptera stings?

What are the racial predilections of Hymenoptera stings?

What are the sexual predilections of Hymenoptera stings?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of Hymenoptera stings?

What is the prognosis of Hymenoptera stings?

What is included in patient education about Hymenoptera stings?

Presentation

How are reactions to Hymenoptera stings graded?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Hymenoptera stings?

What are the signs and symptom of local reactions to Hymenoptera stings?

What are the signs and symptoms of generalized reactions to Hymenoptera stings?

Which physical findings are characteristic of local reactions to Hymenoptera stings?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Hymenoptera stings?

What are the possible complications of Hymenoptera stings?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Hymenoptera Stings?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of Hymenoptera stings?

How is the stinger removed from a Hymenoptera sting?

Treatment

What is the prehospital care for Hymenoptera stings?

How are Hymenoptera stings treated in the emergency department (ED)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with Hymenoptera stings?

What are preventive measures for Hymenoptera stings?

What are the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology guidelines on Hymenoptera venom allergy immunotherapy?

What is included in long-term monitoring of Hymenoptera stings?

Medications

Which medications are used to treat Hymenoptera stings?

Which medications in the drug class Phosphodiesterase Enzyme Inhibitors, Nonselective are used in the treatment of Hymenoptera Stings?

Which medications in the drug class Histamine H2 Antagonists are used in the treatment of Hymenoptera Stings?

Which medications in the drug class Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Agonists are used in the treatment of Hymenoptera Stings?

Which medications in the drug class Antidote, Hypoglycemia are used in the treatment of Hymenoptera Stings?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Hymenoptera Stings?

Which medications in the drug class Bronchodilators are used in the treatment of Hymenoptera Stings?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines, 1st Generation are used in the treatment of Hymenoptera Stings?