Hydrofluoric Acid Burns Medication

Updated: Jun 23, 2021
  • Author: Garry Wilkes, MBBS, FACEM; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Medication Summary

The goal of pharmacotherapy is to reduce morbidity and prevent complications.


Pharmacologic antidote

Class Summary

The major pharmacologic intervention is with calcium gluconate. Depending on the clinical situation, it may be used in a gel, intravenously, intra-arterially or used to irrigate ocular burns.

Calcium gluconate (Kalcinate)

Calcium gluconate moderates nerve and muscle performance and facilitates normal cardiac function. For systemic hypocalcemia, it can be given intravenously initially. For topical pain, it can be applied as a water-soluble gel mixture. For intravenous, intra-arterial, or ocular administration, please refer to the discussion in Treatment.

Calcium chloride

Calcium chloride manages underlying hypocalcemic effects.