Hydrofluoric Acid Burns Workup

Updated: Jun 23, 2021
  • Author: Garry Wilkes, MBBS, FACEM; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Laboratory Studies

Evaluate electrolyte status. [7]  Severe disturbances can occur, especially the following:

  • Hypocalcemia

  • Hypomagnesemia

  • Hyperkalemia

Urinary fluoride levels increase with the severity of burns and can be used to guide therapy in mass exposure incidents. [5]


Imaging Studies

Obtain chest a radiograph if pulmonary edema is suspected. If burns to the fingers exist, perform digital radiographs to evaluate bone integrity.


Other Tests

Cardiac monitoring with electrocardiography is necessary if burn is significant. Arrhythmias are a primary cause of death. Monitor for QT prolongation from hypocalcemia or signs of hyperkalemia.