Gastrointestinal Foreign Bodies Medication

Updated: Jan 04, 2018
  • Author: David W Munter, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Steven C Dronen, MD, FAAEM  more...
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Medication Summary

Smooth-muscle relaxation agents may be used to relax the lower esophageal sphincter, thereby allowing the passage of foreign bodies lodged in this location. However, there is not convincing evidence in the literature that the use of such agents changes clinical outcomes. [48, 49]


Gastrointestinal agents

Class Summary

These agents may improve peristaltic activity in the GI tract.

Glucagon (GlucaGen)

Mechanism of action unknown.

Sodium bicarbonate, citric acid, and simethicone (E-Z Gas)

Neutralizes acidity and relieves functional gastric bloating.