Bartholin Gland Diseases Medication

Updated: Aug 10, 2017
  • Author: Antonia Quinn, DO; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

Medications used in the treatment of Bartholin abscesses include topical and local anesthetics. Antibiotics for empiric treatment of STDs are advisable in the doses usually used to treat gonococcal and chlamydial infections. Ideally, antibiotics should be started immediately prior to incision and drainage.

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Anesthetics

Class Summary

These agents may be used topically or as injectables. Topical anesthetic may be used on vaginal mucosa prior to submucosal injection.

Lidocaine anesthetic

Decreases permeability to sodium ions in neuronal membranes. Inhibits depolarization, blocking the transmission of nerve impulses, which reduces pain.

Topical preparations are available in spray and ointment form.

Injectable lidocaine is available as 1% or 2% concentration, with or without epinephrine.

Bupivacaine (Marcaine, Sensorcaine)

By increasing electrical excitation threshold, slowing nerve impulse propagation, and reducing the action potential, bupivacaine prevents the generation and conduction of nerve impulses to reduce pain.

Concentrations of 0.25% and 0.5% are commonly used for local infiltration. Duration of action is significantly longer than lidocaine. Bupivacaine is available with or without epinephrine.

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Antibiotics

Class Summary

Most Bartholin abscesses are caused by opportunistic pathogens. Uncomplicated abscesses in otherwise healthy women may not require antibiotic therapy after successful drainage. Treatment of N gonorrhoeae and C trachomatis should be initiated only in patients with confirmed disease.

Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)

An effective monotherapy against N gonorrhoeae, ceftriaxone is a third-generation cephalosporin with broad-spectrum efficiency against gram-negative organisms, lower efficacy against gram-positive organisms, and higher efficacy against resistant organisms. By binding to 1 or more of penicillin-binding proteins, arrests bacterial cell wall synthesis and inhibits bacterial growth.

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

An alternative monotherapy to ceftriaxone. Bactericidal antibiotic that inhibits bacterial DNA synthesis and, consequently, growth by inhibiting DNA-gyrase in susceptible organisms.

Doxycycline (Bio-Tab, Doryx, Vibramycin)

Inhibits protein synthesis and bacterial replication by binding with 30S and, possibly, 50S ribosomal subunits of susceptible bacteria. Indicated for C trachomatis.

Azithromycin (Zithromax)

Used to treat mild-to-moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of microorganisms. Alternative monotherapy for C trachomatis.

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