Osteomyelitis in Emergency Medicine Questions & Answers

Updated: Apr 12, 2019
  • Author: Randall W King, MD, FACEP; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is osteomyelitis?

What is the pathophysiology of osteomyelitis?

What is the prevalence of osteomyelitis in the US?

What is the global prevalence of osteomyelitis?

What are the morbidity and mortality associated with osteomyelitis?

What are the racial predilections of osteomyelitis?

What are the sexual predilections of osteomyelitis?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of osteomyelitis?

What is the prognosis of osteomyelitis?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of osteomyelitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of osteomyelitis?

What causes osteomyelitis?

What are the possible complications of osteomyelitis?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Osteomyelitis in Emergency Medicine?

Workup

Which organization has issued guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of osteomyelitis?

Which findings on CBC count are characteristic of osteomyelitis?

Which findings of C-reactive protein level is characteristic of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of ESR in the workup of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of procalcitonin in the workup of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of blood culture in the workup of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of radiography in the workup of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of osteomyelitis?

What is the roe of PET scans in the workup of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of nuclear imaging in the workup of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the workup of osteomyelitis?

What is the role of a probe to bone (PTB) test in the workup of osteomyelitis?

Treatment

How is osteomyelitis treated in the emergency department (ED)?

What are the diagnostic criteria for osteomyelitis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with osteomyelitis?

How is osteomyelitis prevented?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of osteomyelitis?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of osteomyelitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotic, Miscellaneous are used in the treatment of Osteomyelitis in Emergency Medicine?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Osteomyelitis in Emergency Medicine?