Salmonella Infection in Emergency Medicine Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 08, 2021
  • Author: Michael D Owens, DO, MPH, FACEP, FAAEM; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is Salmonella infection?

What is the pathophysiology of Salmonella infection?

What are the most common sources of Salmonella infection?

What are the natural reservoirs of Salmonella bacteria?

How is Salmonella infection transmitted person to person?

Which patient groups have increase susceptibility to Salmonella infection?

What is the prevalence of Salmonella infection in the US?

What is the global prevalence of Salmonella infection?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with Salmonella infections?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of Salmonella infections?

What is the prognosis of Salmonella infection?

What should be included in patient education about Salmonella infection?

Presentation

What is the focus of the clinical history for the diagnosis of Salmonella infection?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Salmonella gastroenteritis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Salmonella enteric (typhoid) fever?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of bacteremia due to Salmonella infection?

What is the prevalence of extraintestinal Salmonella infection?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of a Salmonella infection chronic carrier state?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Salmonella infection?

Which physical findings are characteristic of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella infection?

Which physical findings are characteristic of enteric (typhoid) fever due to Salmonella infection?

Which physical findings are characteristic of bacteremia due to Salmonella infection?

What are causes of Salmonella infection?

What are the possible complications of Salmonella infection?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Salmonella Infection in Emergency Medicine?

Workup

What is the role of serologic testing in the workup of Salmonella infection?

Which complete blood cell count findings suggest Salmonella infection?

Which liver function test findings suggest Salmonella infection?

Which coagulation findings suggest Salmonella infection?

What is the role of cultures in the diagnosis of Salmonella infections?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of Salmonella infections?

What is the role of a rectal exam in the workup of Salmonella infections?

Treatment

What is included in prehospital care of Salmonella infection?

What is included in the emergency department (ED) care of Salmonella infection?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with Salmonella infection?

How is Salmonella infection prevented?

What is the role of vaccines in the prevention of Salmonella infection?

What are public health measures to prevent Salmonella infection?

What is included in long-term monitoring Salmonella infection?

Medications

Which medications are used for treatment of Salmonella infection?

Which medications in the drug class Glucocorticoids are used in the treatment of Salmonella Infection in Emergency Medicine?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiarrheals are used in the treatment of Salmonella Infection in Emergency Medicine?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Salmonella Infection in Emergency Medicine?