Tapeworm Infestation Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 06, 2018
  • Author: Lisandro Irizarry, MD, MPH, FACEP; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is a tapeworm?

What types of cestode (tapeworm) infestations affect humans?

What is the life cycle of a cestode in tapeworm infestation?

What is the pathophysiology of tapeworm infestation?

How common is tapeworm infestation in the US?

What is the international prevalence of tapeworm infestation?

What is the mortality/morbidity of tapeworm infestation?

What is the racial predilection of tapeworm infestation?

Is tapeworm infestation more common in males or females?

What are the age-related demographics of tapeworm infestation?

Presentation

What is the clinical history of tapeworm infestation?

What is the clinical history of cystic echinococcosis (tapeworm infestation)?

What is the clinical history of alveolar hydatid disease (tapeworm infestation)?

What is the clinical presentation of T solium infection (tapeworm infestation)?

What are the diagnostic criteria for neurocysticercosis (tapeworm infestation)?

What are the requirements for a definitive diagnosis of T solium infection (tapeworm infestation)?

What is the clinical presentation of diphyllobothrium (tapeworm) infestation?

What is the clinical presentation of hepatic echinococcosis (tapeworm infestation)?

What is the clinical presentation of sparganosis (tapeworm infestation)?

What is the clinical presentation of coenurosis (tapeworm infestation)?

What causes tapeworm infestation?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Tapeworm Infestation?

Workup

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of tapeworm infestation?

Which imaging studies are indicated in the workup of neurocysticercosis (tapeworm infestation)?

Which imaging studies are indicated in the workup of echinococcosis (tapeworm infestation)?

What is the role of immunologic testing in the workup of tapeworm infestation?

What is the role of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the workup of tapeworm infestation?

Which clinical procedures are indicated in the workup of tapeworm infestation?

Treatment

What is the scope of emergency care in the treatment of tapeworm infestation?

What emergency department treatment is indicated in intestinal tapeworm infestation?

What emergency care is indicated in the treatment of cysticercosis (tapeworm infestation)?

What emergency care is indicated in the treatment of echinococcosis (tapeworm infestation)?

Which specialist consultations are indicated in the treatment of tapeworm infestation?

Medications

Which medications are indicated in the treatment of tapeworm infestation?

Which medications in the drug class Vitamins are used in the treatment of Tapeworm Infestation?

Which medications in the drug class Glucocorticoids are used in the treatment of Tapeworm Infestation?

Which medications in the drug class Anticonvulsants are used in the treatment of Tapeworm Infestation?

Which medications in the drug class Anthelmintics are used in the treatment of Tapeworm Infestation?

Follow-up

What are the potential complications of tapeworm infestation?

What is the prognosis of tapeworm infestation?

What educational information should be provided to patients with tapeworm infestation?