Septic Thrombophlebitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 07, 2018
  • Author: Nicholas J Connors, MD; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is septic thrombophlebitis?

Where in the body does septic thrombophlebitis occur?

Which factors affect the selection of treatment for septic thrombophlebitis?

What are the types of septic thrombophlebitis?

What causes of the peripheral, superior vena cava (SVC) and inferior vena cava (IVC) phlebitis?

What are the causes of the pelvic, ovarian, and pyelophlebitis types of septic thrombophlebitis?

What causes Lemierre syndrome?

What causes dural vein thrombophlebitis?

What causes superficial septic thrombophlebitis?

What causes deep septic thrombophlebitis?

What is the pathogenesis of Lemierre syndrome?

What is the pathogenesis of septic thrombosis of the dural venous sinuses?

What is the prevalence of catheter-associated phlebitis?

What is the prevalence of noncatheter septic thrombophlebitis?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of septic thrombophlebitis?

What is the prognosis of septic thrombophlebitis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of superficial septic thrombophlebitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of deep vein septic thrombophlebitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pelvic septic thrombophlebitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Lemierre syndrome?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of dural sinus thrombophlebitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of septic thrombophlebitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Lemierre syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of thrombophlebitis of the dural sinuses?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of peripheral, superior vena cava (SVC) and inferior vena cava (IVC) phlebitis?

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of pelvic phlebitis, ovarian phlebitis, and pyelophlebitis?

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of Lemierre disease?

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of dural vein thrombophlebitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Septic Thrombophlebitis?

Workup

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of septic thrombophlebitis?

What is the role of cultures in the workup of septic thrombophlebitis?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of septic thrombophlebitis?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of septic thrombophlebitis?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the workup of septic thrombophlebitis?

What is the role of angiography in the workup of septic thrombophlebitis?

Treatment

What is included in the prehospital care of septic thrombophlebitis?

How is peripheral septic thrombophlebitis treated?

How are superior vena cava (SVC) and inferior vena cava (IVC) septic thrombophlebitis treated?

How is internal jugular thrombophlebitis treated?

How are portal, pelvic, and other intra-abdominal thrombophlebitis treated?

How is dural sinus thrombophlebitis treated?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with septic thrombophlebitis?

What is included in long-term monitoring of septic thrombophlebitis?

How is septic thrombophlebitis prevented?

Medications

Which medication are used in the treatment of septic thrombophlebitis?

Which medications in the drug class Anticoagulants, Cardiovascular are used in the treatment of Septic Thrombophlebitis?

Which medications in the drug class Fibrinolytics (Thrombolytics) are used in the treatment of Septic Thrombophlebitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Septic Thrombophlebitis?