Vestibular Neuronitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 16, 2018
  • Author: Keith A Marill, MD; Chief Editor: Gil Z Shlamovitz, MD, FACEP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is vestibular neuronitis?

What is the pathophysiology of vestibular neuronitis?

What is the prevalence of vestibular neuronitis in the US?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with vestibular neuronitis?

What is the sexual predilection for vestibular neuronitis?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of vestibular neuronitis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of vestibular neuronitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of vestibular neuronitis?

Which physical findings help to exclude a diagnosis of vestibular neuronitis?

What is the role of the head impulse test in the evaluation of vestibular neuronitis?

What causes vestibular neuronitis?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Vestibular Neuronitis?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of vestibular neuronitis?

What is the role of cerebral imaging studies in the workup of vestibular neuronitis?

What is the Hallpike maneuver and how is it used in the workup of vestibular neuronitis?

Treatment

What is included in emergency department (ED) care of vestibular neuronitis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with vestibular neuronitis?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of vestibular neuronitis?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Vestibular Neuronitis?

Which medications in the drug class Anticholinergics are used in the treatment of Vestibular Neuronitis?

Which medications in the drug class Benzodiazepines are used in the treatment of Vestibular Neuronitis?

Which medications in the drug class H1-receptor antagonists are used in the treatment of Vestibular Neuronitis?

Follow-up

Who should provide follow-up care for patients with vestibular neuronitis?

When is inpatient care indicated for the treatment of vestibular neuronitis?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of vestibular neuronitis?

What is the prognosis of vestibular neuronitis?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of vestibular neuronitis?