Iritis and Uveitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 15, 2019
  • Author: Monalisa N Muchatuta , MD, MS; Chief Editor: Gil Z Shlamovitz, MD, FACEP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is uveitis?

Which factors determine the symptoms of uveitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of acute anterior uveitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of chronic anterior uveitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of posterior uveitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of intermediate uveitis?

Which physical exam findings are characteristic of uveitis?

How is a slit-lamp exam for uveitis performed and what are the characteristic results?

Which findings on exam of the anterior chamber are characteristic of uveitis?

How are blood cells in the anterior chamber graded in uveitis?

When are lab studies unhelpful in the diagnosis of uveitis?

Which lab studies may be performed in the diagnosis of uveitis?

What is the approach to treatment for uveitis?

What are considerations prior to initiating steroid treatment for uveitis?

What is the definition of uveitis?

What is the severity of uveitis?

How is uveitis described following anatomical classification?

What is the distribution of general uveitis by anatomic site?

What causes uveitis?

What is the role of trauma in the pathophysiology of uveitis?

What is the role of infection in the pathophysiology of uveitis?

What is the role of autoimmune mechanisms in the pathophysiology of uveitis?

What is the distribution in etiology for uveitis?

What is the etiologic distribution of anterior uveitis?

What is the etiologic distribution of posterior uveitis?

What is the incidence of uveitis in the US?

What is the global incidence of uveitis?

What is the racial predilection of uveitis?

How does the prevalence of uveitis vary by sex?

What are the age-related predilections of uveitis?

What is the morbidity associated with uveitis?

What is the prognosis of iritis and uveitis?

Where can patient education resources for uveitis be found?

Presentation

What is the focus of history in uveitis?

Which elements of the medical history suggest uveitis as the cause of ocular pain?

What are the signs and symptoms of anterior uveitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of posterior uveitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of intermediate uveitis and panuveitis?

Which physical findings suggest uveitis?

How is a slit-lamp exam performed for uveitis?

What are the findings of intraocular pressure characteristic of uveitis?

What causes uveitis?

What is the cause of acute nongranulomatous uveitis?

What causes chronic nongranulomatous uveitis?

What causes chronic granulomatous uveitis?

What causes posterior uveitis?

What are potential complications of uveitis?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Iritis and Uveitis?

Workup

How should the workup for uveitis be approached?

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of uveitis?

Which lab studies may be indicated for the workup for uveitis?

What is the role of chest radiography in the evaluation of uveitis?

Treatment

What is included in emergency department (ED) care of uveitis?

Which specialist consultations are recommended for the treatment of uveitis?

What is included in follow-up care for uveitis?

Medications

What is the role of drug treatment for uveitis?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroid Ophthalmic Implants are used in the treatment of Iritis and Uveitis?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids, Ophthalmic are used in the treatment of Iritis and Uveitis?

Which medications in the drug class Anticholinergic Agents, Ophthalmic are used in the treatment of Iritis and Uveitis?

Which medications in the drug class Tumor Necrosis Factor Blockers are used in the treatment of Iritis and Uveitis?