Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma in Emergency Medicine Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 19, 2018
  • Author: Joseph Freedman, MD; Chief Editor: Steven C Dronen, MD, FAAEM  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

What is the pathophysiology of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

How common is acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG) in the US?

What is the morbidity of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

What is the race-related incidence of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

Is acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG) more common in males or females?

What are the age-related demographics of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

Presentation

What is the clinical history of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

What are the physical exam findings in acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

What causes acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma in Emergency Medicine?

Workup

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

Treatment

What prehospital care is indicated for acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

How is acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG) treated?

What is the role of hyperosmotic agents in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

What is the role of corneal indentation (CI) in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

What is the role of laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

What is the role of lens extraction in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

What is the role of the ophthalmologist in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

Which specialist consultations are indicated in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

Medications

What is the goal of treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

Which medications in the drug class Hyperosmotics are used in the treatment of Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma in Emergency Medicine?

Which medications in the drug class Ophthalmic agents, miotic are used in the treatment of Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma in Emergency Medicine?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma in Emergency Medicine?

Which medications in the drug class Alpha-adrenergic agonists are used in the treatment of Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma in Emergency Medicine?

Which medications in the drug class Beta-adrenergic blockers are used in the treatment of Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma in Emergency Medicine?

Which medications in the drug class Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are used in the treatment of Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma in Emergency Medicine?

Follow-up

What further outpatient care is indicated in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

When is inpatient care indicated in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

How is acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG) prevented?

What are the complications of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

What is the prognosis of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

What educational resources are available for patients with acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?