Ankle Arthrocentesis Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 03, 2020
  • Author: Gil Z Shlamovitz, MD, FACEP; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

When is ankle arthrocentesis performed, and how are complications prevented?

What is the anatomy of an ankle joint relevant to ankle arthrocentesis?

What are the diagnostic indications for ankle arthrocentesis?

What are the therapeutic indications for ankle arthrocentesis?

What are the contraindications for ankle arthrocentesis?

Periprocedural Care

What is the equipment needed to perform ankle arthrocentesis?

When is procedural sedation or analgesia indicated for ankle arthrocentesis?

What is the role of local anesthesia in ankle arthrocentesis?

How should the patient be positioned for ankle arthrocentesis?

Technique

How is synovial fluid aspirated during ankle arthrocentesis?

What is the anterolateral approach for ankle arthrocentesis?

How is anterolateral approach for ankle arthrocentesis performed?

What injuries can occur with the anteromedial approach for ankle arthrocentesis?

How is anteromedial approach for ankle arthrocentesis performed?

How are synovial fluid analysis results from ankle arthrocentesis interpreted?

What are the operative characteristics of septic joint effusion based on ankle arthrocentesis results?

What does the presence of crystals on the septic joint effusion from ankle arthrocentesis indicate?

What factors result in a dry tap when performing ankle arthrocentesis?

How can potential damage to cartilage be avoided when performing ankle arthrocentesis?

How are hemarthrosis caused by ankle arthrocentesis managed?

When are antibiotics indicated in ankle arthrocentesis?