Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease Questions & Answers

Updated: May 09, 2018
  • Author: Eric S Chin, MD; Chief Editor: Kirsten A Bechtel, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is pediatric reactive airway disease and how is it differentiated from asthma?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the prevalence of pediatric reactive airway disease in the US?

What is the global prevalence of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with pediatric reactive airway disease?

What are the racial predilections of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What are the sexual predilections of pediatric reactive airway disease?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the prognosis of pediatric reactive airway disease?

Presentation

What is the focus of the clinical history to evaluate pediatric reactive airway disease?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What causes pediatric reactive airway disease?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the role of radiography in the workup of pediatric reactive airway disease?

When is a sweat chloride test indicated in the workup of pediatric reactive airway disease?

Which tests may be beneficial in the workup of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the role of spirometry in the workup of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the role of barium swallow and bronchoscopy in the workup of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the role of PFT in the workup of pediatric reactive airway disease?

Treatment

How is pediatric reactive airway disease treated?

What is included in the prehospital care of pediatric reactive airway disease?

How is status asthmaticus treated in pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is included in the ED care of mild-to-moderate exacerbations of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is included in the ED care of severe exacerbations of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the role of intubation in the treatment of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the role of albuterol in the treatment of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the role of ipratropium in the treatment of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the role of inhaled beta2-agonist in the treatment of pediatric reactive airway disease?

Which medications should not be used in the ED treatment of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What are the NIH guidelines on the stepwise approach to managing pediatric reactive airway disease and asthma?

What may decrease rates of return to the emergency department for pediatric reactive airway disease?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with pediatric reactive airway disease?

How are exacerbations of pediatric reactive airway disease prevented?

Medications

What is the goal of drug treatment for pediatric reactive airway disease?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids, Inhalants are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Combination Inhaled Steroids/Long-Acting Beta2-Agonists are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Monoclonal Antibody are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class H2 Receptor Antagonists are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroid are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Leukotriene Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Mast Cell Stabilizers are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class General Anesthetic are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Gas Mixture are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Magnesium Salt are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Methylxanthines are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Beta2-Adrenergic Agonist Agents, Injection are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Anticholinergic Agents are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Which medications in the drug class Beta2-Adrenergic Agonist Agents, Inhaled are used in the treatment of Pediatric Reactive Airway Disease?

Follow-up

What is included in long-term monitoring of pediatric reactive airway disease?

How is severity and treatment effectiveness assessed in pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is maintenance treatment for pediatric reactive airway disease?

When is inpatient care indicated in the treatment of pediatric reactive airway disease?

How is pediatric reactive airway disease prevented?

What are regimens for achieving asthma control in the prevention of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What are the possible complications of pediatric reactive airway disease?

What is the prognosis of pediatric reactive disease?

What is included in the patient education about pediatric reactive airway disease?