Diaper Rash Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 09, 2018
  • Author: Rania Dib, MD; Chief Editor: Kirsten A Bechtel, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is diaper rash?

What causes diaper rash?

What plays a role in the pathophysiology of diaper rash?

What is the pathophysiology of diaper rash?

What causes miliaria associated with diaper rash?

What causes intertrigo associated with diaper rash?

What causes irritant contact dermatitis associated with diaper rash?

What causes Candida infection in diaper rash?

What is the role of bacteria in diaper rash?

What is the role of granuloma gluteale infantum in diaper rash?

How common is diaper rash in the US?

What is the international prevalence of diaper rash?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with diaper rash?

What are the race-related demographics of diaper rash?

What are the age-related demographics of diaper rash?

Presentation

What is the typical history of the onset of diaper rash?

What information should be obtained in the history for diaper rash?

What is the clinical history of irritant contact dermatitis, miliaria (heat rash), and intertrigo in diaper rash?

What is the clinical history of candidal diaper rash?

What is the clinical history of secondary bacterial infection in diaper rash?

What is the clinical history of granuloma gluteale infantum?

What is the clinical history of atopic diaper rash?

What is the clinical history of seborrheic diaper rash?

What is the clinical history of psoriasis in diaper rash?

What is the clinical history of impetigo in diaper rash?

What is the clinical history of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in diaper rash?

What is the clinical history of acrodermatitis enteropathica in diaper rash?

What is the clinical history of scabies in diaper rash?

What is the clinical history of HIV in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of irritant contact dermatitis in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of intertrigo in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of miliaria in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of candidal dermatitis in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of secondary bacterial infection in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of granuloma gluteale infantum in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of atopic dermatitis in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of seborrheic dermatitis in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of psoriasis in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of impetigo in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of acrodermatitis enteropathica in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of congenital syphilis in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of scabies in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of HIV in diaper rash?

What are the physical findings of perianal pseudoverrucous papules in diaper rash?

What causes diaper rash?

What causes secondary infections in diaper rash?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Diaper Rash?

Workup

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of diaper rash?

What other tests are indicated in the workup of diaper rash?

Which procedures are indicated in the workup of diaper rash?

Treatment

What is involved in emergency department care of diaper rash?

What new types of diapers have been developed to reduce the incidence of diaper rash?

How do barrier creams and ointments help diaper rash?

How effective is bufexamac (Parfenac) lipid ointment for the treatment of diaper rash?

Is topical vitamin A an effective treatment for diaper rash?

Is powder or cornstarch an effective treatment for diaper rash?

Is topical cholestyramine ointment an effective treatment for diaper rash?

Is white soft paraffin BP effective for the treatment of diaper rash?

Which ointments have been demonstrated to help prevent and treat diaper rash?

Are wipes or wash cloths better for cleaning the diaper area?

Should cornstarch be used on the diaper area?

Is soap a good cleanser for diaper rash?

What can help resolve irritant contact dermatitis, miliaria, and intertrigo in diaper rash?

How is mild, irritant, noninfected dermatitis in diaper rash treated?

How is typical irritant dermatitis or intertrigo in diaper rash treated?

How is candidal infection in diaper rash treated?

How is mild bacterial infections in diaper rash treated?

How is granuloma gluteale infantum in diaper rash treated?

When is specialist consultation indicated in the treatment of diaper rash?

Medications

What is the medical treatment of diaper rash?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics, oral are used in the treatment of Diaper Rash?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics, topical are used in the treatment of Diaper Rash?

Which medications in the drug class Antifungal agents are used in the treatment of Diaper Rash?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroid, topical are used in the treatment of Diaper Rash?

Follow-up

What is the follow-up care for diaper rash?

When should a patient with diaper rash be admitted to the hospital?

How can diaper rash be prevented?

What are the potential complications of diaper rash?

What is the prognosis of diaper rash?

What is involved in patient education for diaper rash?