Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Syndrome Questions & Answers

Updated: Jun 02, 2020
  • Author: Vivian Tsai, MD, MPH, FACEP; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?

What causes pain in TMJ syndrome?

What is the pathophysiology of TMJ syndrome?

How prevalent is TMJ syndrome?

What is the morbidity of TMJ syndrome?

What are the demographics of TMJ syndrome?

Presentation

What are the symptoms of TMJ syndrome?

What are the characteristic findings on physical exam in TMJ syndrome?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Syndrome?

Workup

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of TMJ syndrome?

Which imaging studies are indicated in the workup of TMJ syndrome?

What is the role of a diagnostic nerve block in the workup of TMJ syndrome?

Treatment

What is the initial treatment of TMJ syndrome?

Which specialist consultations are indicated in the treatment of TMJ syndrome?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of TMJ syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Benzodiazepines are used in the treatment of Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used in the treatment of Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Syndrome?

Follow-up

What is the initial outpatient therapy for TMJ syndrome?

What are the treatment options for TMJ syndrome if conservative measures fail?

Which drugs are used in the treatment of TMJ syndrome?

What are the complications of TMJ syndrome?

What is the prognosis of TMJ syndrome?

What patient education is indicated in the treatment of TMJ syndrome?