Alcohol Toxicity Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 01, 2018
  • Author: Michael D Levine, MD; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is alcohol toxicity?

What is the pathophysiology of ethylene glycol alcohol toxicity?

What is the pathophysiology of ethanol alcohol toxicity?

What is the pathophysiology of isopropanol alcohol toxicity?

What is the pathophysiology of methanol alcohol toxicity?

What is the prevalence of alcohol toxicity?

What is the morbidity associated with alcohol toxicity?

What is the prevalence of ethanol alcohol toxicity?

What is the prevalence of isopropanol, methanol, and ethylene glycol alcohol toxicity?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of alcohol toxicity?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of alcohol toxicity?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of ethanol alcohol toxicity?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of isopropanol alcohol toxicity?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of methanol ingestion alcohol toxicity?

What are the stages of ethylene glycol alcohol toxicity?

What are the signs and symptoms of ethanol alcohol toxicity?

Which physical findings are characteristic of isopropanol alcohol toxicity?

Which physical findings are characteristic of methanol alcohol toxicity?

Which physical findings are characteristic of ethylene glycol alcohol toxicity?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Alcohol Toxicity?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of alcohol toxicity?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of ethanol alcohol toxicity?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of isopropanol alcohol toxicity?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of methanol alcohol toxicity?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of ethylene glycol alcohol toxicity?

What is the role of the osmolar gap in the diagnosis of alcohol toxicity?

Treatment

What is included in prehospital care for alcohol toxicity?

What is included in emergency department (ED) care of alcohol toxicity?

When is hemodialysis indicated in the treatment of alcohol toxicity?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with alcohol toxicity?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of alcohol toxicity?

Which medications in the drug class B Vitamins are used in the treatment of Alcohol Toxicity?

Which medications in the drug class Pharmacologic antidotes are used in the treatment of Alcohol Toxicity?

Follow-up

When is inpatient care indicated to treat alcohol toxicity?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of alcohol toxicity?

What are the possible complications of alcohol toxicity?