Amphetamine Toxicity Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 21, 2021
  • Author: Neal Handly, MD, MS, MSc; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is amphetamine toxicity?

What is the pathophysiology of amphetamine toxicity?

What are the pathophysiologic effects of amphetamine toxicity on the central nervous system?

What are the pathophysiologic effects of amphetamine toxicity on the cardiovascular system?

What causes amphetamine toxicity?

What is the US prevalence of amphetamine toxicity?

What is the global prevalence of amphetamine toxicity?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of amphetamine toxicity?

What is the prognosis for amphetamine toxicity?

What is included in patient education about amphetamine toxicity?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of amphetamine toxicity?

What are the signs and symptoms of amphetamine toxicity?

Which physical exam findings are characteristic of amphetamine toxicity?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of amphetamine toxicity?

What are the differential diagnoses for Amphetamine Toxicity?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup for amphetamine toxicity?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup for amphetamine toxicity?

What is the role of cardiac tests in the workup for amphetamine toxicity?

When is lumbar puncture indicated in the workup for amphetamine toxicity?

Treatment

What is included in prehospital care for amphetamine toxicity?

When is inpatient care indicated for the treatment of amphetamine toxicity?

What is included in emergency department (ED) care for amphetamine toxicity?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with amphetamine toxicity?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of amphetamine toxicity?

Which medications in the drug class Diuretics are used in the treatment of Amphetamine Toxicity?

Which medications in the drug class Cardiovascular agents are used in the treatment of Amphetamine Toxicity?

Which medications in the drug class Skeletal muscle relaxants are used in the treatment of Amphetamine Toxicity?

Which medications in the drug class Neuroleptics are used in the treatment of Amphetamine Toxicity?

Which medications in the drug class Benzodiazepines are used in the treatment of Amphetamine Toxicity?

Which medications in the drug class GI decontaminant are used in the treatment of Amphetamine Toxicity?