Medication-Induced Dystonic Reactions Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 19, 2018
  • Author: John Michael Kowalski, DO; Chief Editor: David Vearrier, MD, MPH  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are medication-induced dystonic reactions?

What is the pathophysiology of medication-induced dystonic reactions?

What is the incidence of medication-induced dystonic reactions in the US?

What is the mortality and morbidity of medication-induced dystonic reactions?

Which groups are at highest risk for medication-induced dystonic reactions?

Presentation

Which clinical history is characteristic of medication-induced dystonic reactions?

What should be the focus of history in suspected medication-induced dystonic reactions?

What are the physical findings of medication-induced dystonic reactions?

What causes medication-induced dystonic reactions?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of medication-induced dystonic reactions?

What are the differential diagnoses for Medication-Induced Dystonic Reactions?

Workup

How are medication-induced dystonic reactions diagnosed?

Treatment

What is included in emergency department (ED) care for medication-induced dystonic reactions?

Which specialist consultations are needed for the treatment of medication-induced dystonic reactions?

Medications

What are the goals of drug treatment for medication-induced dystonic reactions?

Which medications in the drug class Benzodiazepines are used in the treatment of Medication-Induced Dystonic Reactions?

Which medications in the drug class Anticholinergic agents are used in the treatment of Medication-Induced Dystonic Reactions?

Follow-up

What outpatient care is needed for medication-induced dystonic reactions?

When is inpatient care indicated for medication-induced dystonic reactions?

Which medications are used in the treatment of medication-induced dystonic reactions?

What is the prognosis of medication-induced dystonic reactions?