Herb Poisoning Medication

Updated: Feb 11, 2016
  • Author: Fermin Barrueto, Jr, MD, FAAEM, FACEP; Chief Editor: Asim Tarabar, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

For toxic ingestions in general, consider activated charcoal, provided that airway control is ensured. Other care should be based on the patient's signs and symptoms.

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Antidotes, Other

Class Summary

Activated charcoal adsorbs ingested medication remaining in the gastrointestinal tract and creates a concentration gradient to "pull back" medication circulating in the bloodstream. It is most effective if administered within 1 hour of ingestion. In selected cases, repeated doses may be beneficial if the toxin is entero-hepatically metabolized, allowing a second opportunity to bind it and remove it from the body.

Activated charcoal (Actidose-Aqua, Actidose/Sorbitol EZ-Char, Kerr Insta-Char)

Activated charcoal is used in emergency treatment for poisoning caused by drugs and chemicals. A network of pores adsorbs 100-1000 mg of drug per gram. Activated charcoal does not dissolve in water. Administer it as soon as possible after poison ingestion. Repeated doses may help to lower systemic levels of ingested compounds. Activated charcoal is usually administered with sorbitol in alternating doses.

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