Carbon Monoxide Toxicity Questions & Answers

Updated: Sep 18, 2018
  • Author: Guy N Shochat, MD; Chief Editor: Gil Z Shlamovitz, MD, FACEP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What are the most common causes of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is the role of methylene chloride vapors in carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

Who are at high risk for carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is the pathophysiology of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What are the physiologic mechanisms of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

How does carbon monoxide (CO) cause harm to the brain?

How is carbon monoxide (CO) eliminated from the body?

How does the mortality rate from carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity differ between males and females?

What is the incidence of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity in the US?

What is the global incidence of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What are the racial predilections of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

How do fatality rates from carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity vary by age?

Which risk factors for carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity are related to weather?

Presentation

Why is misdiagnosis of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity common?

What are symptoms of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

Which physical findings suggest carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

Which ophthalmologic findings suggest carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

Which neurologic findings suggest carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What are the causes of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Carbon Monoxide Toxicity?

Workup

How is the clinical diagnosis of acute carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity confirmed?

Which findings on arterial blood gas measurements suggest carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What are cardiac markers for carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is the role of lab studies in the evaluation of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is the role of chest radiograph in the evaluation of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is the role of CT scanning in the evaluation of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is the role of MRI in the evaluation of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is the role of electrocardiography in the evaluation of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is the role of neuropsychologic testing in the evaluation of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

Treatment

What is included in prehospital care for carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is included in emergency department (ED) care for carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

How can clinicians locate a hyperbaric oxygen center for treatment of a patient with carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for treating carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

When is hyperbaric oxygen therapy indicated for the treatment of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

How is hyperbaric oxygen therapy administered for carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What are possible complications of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What are possible complications of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

Follow-up

What is included in outpatient care for carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is included in inpatient care for carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What is the prognosis of carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?

What should be included in patient education about carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity?