Methamphetamine Toxicity Questions & Answers

Updated: Aug 15, 2018
  • Author: John R Richards, MD, FAAEM; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is methamphetamine toxicity?

What is the historical background of methamphetamine?

What is the pathophysiology of methamphetamine toxicity?

What is the prevalence of methamphetamine toxicity in the US?

What is the approximate number of methamphetamine users by age group?

What is the global prevalence of methamphetamine toxicity?

What is the mortality and morbidity in methamphetamine toxicity?

What are effects of long-term methamphetamine use?

What are severe adverse effects of methamphetamine abuse?

What are the demographic predilections in the prevalence of methamphetamine toxicity?

Presentation

What are cardiovascular signs and symptoms of methamphetamine toxicity?

What are CNS manifestations of methamphetamine toxicity?

What are respiratory symptoms of methamphetamine toxicity?

What are cutaneous symptoms of methamphetamine toxicity?

What are GI symptoms of methamphetamine toxicity?

What are oral symptoms of methamphetamine toxicity?

Which organ systems are affected by methamphetamine toxicity?

Which cardiovascular findings suggest methamphetamine toxicity?

Which CNS findings suggest methamphetamine toxicity?

Which respiratory findings suggest methamphetamine toxicity?

Which GI findings suggest methamphetamine toxicity?

Which renal findings suggest methamphetamine toxicity?

Which cutaneous findings suggest methamphetamine toxicity?

Which dental findings suggest methamphetamine toxicity?

How does methamphetamine toxicity affect pregnancy and lactation?

What cause methamphetamine toxicity?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Methamphetamine Toxicity?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of methamphetamine toxicity?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of methamphetamine toxicity?

What is the role of electrocardiogram in the workup of methamphetamine toxicity?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the workup of methamphetamine toxicity?

Treatment

What is included in prehospital care for methamphetamine toxicity?

What is the focus of treatment for methamphetamine toxicity?

How is agitation managed in methamphetamine toxicity?

What are other modalities used for treatment of agitation in patients affected by methamphetamine toxicity?

How are hypertension and tachycardia managed in methamphetamine toxicity?

How is acute coronary syndrome (ACS) managed in methamphetamine toxicity?

How are seizures managed in methamphetamine toxicity?

How is rhabdomyolysis managed in methamphetamine toxicity?

Which specialists should be consulted in the treatment of methamphetamine toxicity?

Medications

What are the goals of drug treatment for methamphetamine toxicity?

Which medications in the drug class Cardiovascular Agents are used in the treatment of Methamphetamine Toxicity?

Which medications in the drug class Sedatives are used in the treatment of Methamphetamine Toxicity?

Which medications in the drug class GI decontaminant are used in the treatment of Methamphetamine Toxicity?

Follow-up

What is included in follow-up care for methamphetamine toxicity?

When is critical care management indicated in the treatment of methamphetamine toxicity?

How is methamphetamine toxicity prevented?

What are complications of methamphetamine toxicity?

Where can patient education information about methamphetamine toxicity be found?