Hydrocarbon Toxicity Medication

Updated: Feb 15, 2022
  • Author: Derrick Lung, MD, MPH, FACEP, FACMT; Chief Editor: Michael A Miller, MD  more...
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Medication Summary

Medications are used for treatment of hydrocarbon-induced ventricular dysrhythmias.


Antiarrhythmic Agent, Class II

Class Summary

These agents inhibit chronotropic, inotropic, and vasodilatory response to beta-adrenergic stimulation.

Propranolol (Betachron E-R, Inderal, InnoPran XL)

Class II antiarrhythmic, nonselective, beta-adrenergic, receptor blocker with membrane-stabilizing activity that decreases automaticity of contractions.

Effective for treating aggression resulting from head injury. Also used for reducing restlessness and disinhibition. Treatment for persistent agitation and aggression in organic brain syndromes.

Esmolol (Brevibloc)

Short-acting IV cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocker with no membrane depressant activity. Half-life of 8 min allows for titration to effect and quick discontinuation prn.