Lighted Stylet Assisted Tracheal Intubation Periprocedural Care

Updated: Feb 25, 2019
  • Author: Liudvikas Jagminas, MD, FACEP; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Periprocedural Care

Equipment

Equipent required for lighted stylet–assisted tracheal intubation includes the following:

  • Lighted stylet (see the image below)
  • Supplemental oxygen
  • Ambu bag
  • Suction equipment
Transtracheal light. Transtracheal light.

Also required are the following:

  • Automated blood pressure cuff (set to cycle every 5 min)
  • Three-lead ECG monitoring
  • Constant pulse oximetry
  • Intravenous access
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Patient Preparation

Anesthesia

If the patient is awake, spray the oropharynx and hypopharynx with lidocaine or benzocaine spray, and administer sedation as indicated. Topical anesthesia may be achieved by use of lidocaine spray 10%, Cetacaine (benzocaine 14%, tetracaine 2%, butyl aminobenzoate 2%), or Hurricaine (benzocaine 20%).

Procedural sedation or rapid sequence intubation may also be required.

Positioning

If cervical spine injury is not a concern, place the patient's head and neck in a relatively extended position. This pulls the epiglottis away from the posterior pharyngeal wall and allows maximal exposure of the anterior neck, thereby enhancing visualization of the transilluminated light.

If cervical spine injury is a concern, place the patient's head in a neutral position. [15]

A towel roll beneath the shoulders aids in positioning, especially in obese patients or those with a short neck.

If there is difficulty passing the lightwand into the trachea, it may be hung up on the epiglottis, which can be lifted off the posterior pharyngeal wall with a jaw-lift maneuver. [16]

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