Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage Periprocedural Care

Updated: Sep 03, 2019
  • Author: Liudvikas Jagminas, MD, FACEP; Chief Editor: Vikram Kate, MBBS, MS, PhD, FRCS, FACS, FACG, FRCS(Edin), FRCS(Glasg), FIMSA, MAMS, MASCRS, FFST(Ed)  more...
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Periprocedural Care

Equipment

A diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) kit, either commercially available or preassembled in the hospital, contains the following (see the image below):

  • Scalpel (No. 11 and No. 15 blades)
  • Hemostats (2)
  • Alice forceps (2)
  • Toothed dissecting forceps
  • Retractors (2)
  • Syringes (2), 5 mL
  • Syringe, 10 mL
  • Needles, 18 and 21 gauge
  • Lidocaine 1% with epinephrine
  • Warm lactated Ringer solution or normal saline solution (0.9% NaCl), 1 L
  • Intravenous (IV) bottle or bag connected to an IV set
  • Absorbable sutures, 4-0
  • Needle holder
  • Fenestrated drape
Diagnostic peritoneal lavage kit. Diagnostic peritoneal lavage kit.
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Patient Preparation

Anesthesia

Typically, local anesthesia is obtained by infiltrating lidocaine 1% with epinephrine. (For more information, see Local Anesthetic Agents, Infiltrative Administration.)

Positioning

The patient should be kept in a supine position.

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