Abdominal Compartment Syndrome Questions & Answers

Updated: Aug 21, 2017
  • Author: Richard Paula, MD; Chief Editor: Trevor John Mills, MD, MPH  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

How has the understanding of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) evolved?

What are the WSACS definitions and recommendations for abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

How is abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) categorized?

What are the signs of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) and what is the treatment approach in the ED and the ICU?

What patient education information is available on abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What is the pathophysiology of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What causes abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What causes primary/acute abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What is the mortality rate of primary abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)?

What causes secondary abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What is the mortality rate of secondary abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What causes chronic abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

How common is abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What is the prognosis of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What are the prognostic factors in trauma patients with abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

Presentation

How is the patient history in abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) characterized?

What are the signs and symptoms of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

When should abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) be considered in critically ill patients?

What are the physical characteristics of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What are the complications of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

Workup

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

How is intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) measured in the workup of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

How is abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) graded based on intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) measurement?

Treatment

What are the initial treatment considerations in abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What is the cornerstone of medical management in abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

Which specialist consultations are indicated in the treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What is the role of paracentesis in the treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

How is reperfusion syndrome prevented during the treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

What is the standard outpatient care for chronic abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

When is transfer indicated in the treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

How can abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) be prevented?

What are the treatment columns for abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

Guidelines

What are the WSACS definitions and recommendations on abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

Medications

What is the goal of drug treatment for abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)?

Which medications in the drug class Diuretics are used in the treatment of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome?