Allergic Rhinitis in Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 02, 2019
  • Author: Quoc A Nguyen, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is allergic rhinitis?

What is the pathophysiology of allergic rhinitis?

What is the prevalence of allergic rhinitis in the US?

What is the mortality or morbidity associated with allergic rhinitis?

What are the sexual predilections of allergic rhinitis?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of allergic rhinitis?

Presentation

What is the focus of allergy history in the evaluation of allergic rhinitis?

What is the significance of a family history of allergies in the evaluation of allergic rhinitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of allergic rhinitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of allergic rhinitis?

What causes allergic rhinitis?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Allergic Rhinitis in Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of allergic rhinitis?

What is the role of skin tests in the workup of allergic rhinitis?

What is the role of an immunoglobulin E (IgE) count in the workup of allergic rhinitis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of allergic rhinitis?

Which alternative allergy tests have not been validated for diagnosis of allergic rhinitis?

Treatment

How is allergic rhinitis treated?

What is the role of allergen avoidance and environmental controls in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

What is the role of immunotherapy injections in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

What is the role of sublingual (SL) immunotherapy in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with allergic rhinitis?

Which dietary modification are used in the treatment of treatment of allergic rhinitis?

Which activity modification are used in the treatment of treatment of allergic rhinitis?

Guidelines

What are the AAO-HNSF guidelines on the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis?

What are the AAO-HNSF guidelines on the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

What are the JTFPP guidelines on the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

Which medications in the drug class Allergy Extracts are used in the treatment of Allergic Rhinitis in Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery?

Which medications in the drug class Decongestants are used in the treatment of Allergic Rhinitis in Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery?

Which medications in the drug class Anticholinergic are used in the treatment of Allergic Rhinitis in Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery?

Which medications in the drug class Mast cell stabilizer are used in the treatment of Allergic Rhinitis in Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Allergic Rhinitis in Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines are used in the treatment of Allergic Rhinitis in Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery?

Follow-up

What is included in the long-term monitoring of allergic rhinitis?

Which medications are used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

When is referral to an allergist indicated for the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

How is allergic rhinitis prevented?

What are the possible complications of allergic rhinitis?

What is the prognosis of allergic rhinitis after treatment?

What is included in patient education about allergic rhinitis?