Deep Neck Infections Questions & Answers

Updated: Apr 12, 2018
  • Author: Alan D Murray, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

Why is the diagnosis and treatment of deep neck infections challenging?

Which medical advancements have led to reduced mortality and morbidity of deep neck infections?

Which factors contribute to the complexity of deep neck infections?

What is the prevalence of deep neck infections?

What causes deep neck infections?

What is the pathophysiology of deep neck infections?

What are the pathophysiologic causes of the signs and symptoms of deep neck infections?

What are the most prevalent pathogens in deep neck infections?

What is the focus of clinical history in suspected deep neck infections?

Which physical findings are characteristic of deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the major facial and deep neck spaces relative to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the fascial planes relevant to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the parapharyngeal space relevant to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the retropharyngeal space relevant to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the prevertebral space relevant to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the danger space relevant to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the masticator space relevant to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the submandibular space relevant to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the carotid space relevant to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the pretracheal space relevant to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the peritonsillar space relevant to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the parotid space relevant to deep neck infections?

What is the anatomy of the temporal space relevant to deep neck infections?

What are the contraindications to surgical drainage of deep neck infections?

Workup

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of deep neck infections?

What is the role of radiography in the workup of deep neck infections?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of deep neck infections?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of deep neck infections?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the workup of deep neck infections?

What is the role of arteriography in the workup of deep neck infections?

Treatment

What is included in airway management of patients with deep neck infections?

What is the role of cultures in the management of deep neck infections?

What is the role of volume and metabolic resuscitation in the treatment of deep neck infections?

What is the role of antibiotics in the treatment of deep neck infections?

What is the role of incision and drainage in the treatment of deep neck infections?

What is the role of fine needle aspiration (FNA) in the treatment of deep neck infections?

What is included in preoperative care of patients with deep neck infections?

How is the surgical approach selected for the treatment of deep neck infections?

What is included in the postoperative care of patients with deep neck infections?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of deep neck infections?

What are the possible complications of deep neck infections?

Which factors increase the risk of complications from deep neck infections?

What is the prognosis of deep neck infections?

Which deep neck infections may be treated medically?