Preauricular Cysts, Pits, and Fissures Questions & Answers

Updated: Apr 19, 2018
  • Author: Samuel T Ostrower, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
  • Print
Questions & Answers

Overview

What are preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

How are preauricular tags characterized?

How can simple preauricular cysts differentiated from branchial cleft cysts?

What is the workup approach to preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the treatment approach to preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the incidence of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the role of branchial arch development in the etiology of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the role of genetics in the etiology of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

In which syndromes are preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures characteristic?

What is the role of medication in the etiology of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the pathophysiology of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the presentation of noninfected preauricular pits?

What is the presentation of infected preauricular pits?

What is the presentation of preauricular cysts?

What is the presentation of preauricular tags?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What are the indications for treatment of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the relevant anatomy of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What are the contraindications to excision of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the evaluation of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the role of imaging studies in the evaluation of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the role of audiogram in the evaluation of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the role of needle aspiration in the evaluation of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What are the histologic findings characteristic of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

Treatment

What consultations may be beneficial in the management of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the surgical treatment for abscessed preauricular cysts?

What anatomical boundaries help ensure complete excision of preauricular cysts?

Does a history of infection in infants and children undergoing preauricular cyst excision lead to a higher rate of recurrence?

Does early surgical intervention for an infected preauricular sinus predispose to a greater postoperative complication or recurrence rate?

What is the recurrence rate following preauricular cyst excision?

How are preauricular tags excised?

What should be done preoperatively to excision of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the standard approach to excision of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is included in postoperative care following excision of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

When should would evaluation occur following excision of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What are common complications of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures excision?

What are less common complications of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures excision?

What is the prognosis following excision of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?

What is the role of renal ultrasonography in the management of preauricular cysts, pits, and fissures?