Genetic Sensorineural Hearing Loss Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Jul 01, 2020
  • Author: Stephanie A Moody Antonio, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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DDx

Diagnostic Considerations

These include the following:

  • Michel dysplasia

  • Mondini dysplasia

  • Scheibe dysplasia

  • Alexander aplasia

  • Enlarged vestibular aqueduct

  • Familial progressive sensorineural deafness

  • Metabolic disorders

  • Erythroblastosis fetalis

  • Birth trauma and/or anoxia

  • Radiation

  • Prematurity

  • Congenital ossicular fixation

Prenatal infections

These include the following:

  • CMV infection

  • Rubella (German measles)

  • Toxoplasmosis

  • Herpes simplex

  • Syphilis

Exposure to teratogenic agents

These include the following:

  • Thalidomide

  • Isotretinoin

Neoplasms

These include the following:

  • Vestibular schwannoma

  • Meningioma

  • Mucosal adenoma

  • Paraganglioma

  • Squamous cell carcinoma

  • Rhabdomyosarcoma

Differential Diagnoses