Myringitis (Middle Ear, Tympanic Membrane, Inflammation) Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 19, 2018
  • Author: John Schweinfurth, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is myringitis?

How is myringitis diagnosed?

What is the role of audiometric testing in the diagnosis of myringitis?

What is the role of tympanic testing in the diagnosis of myringitis?

How is myringitis treated?

What is the pathophysiology of myringitis?

What causes primary myringitis?

What causes acute myringitis with acute otitis media?

What causes acute myringitis with acute otitis externa?

What causes perforation of tympanic membrane in myringitis?

What causes chronic myringitis with chronic otitis media?

What causes mucoepidermal conflict relative to myringitis?

What causes chronic myringitis with chronic otitis externa?

What is the prevalence of myringitis in the US?

What is the morbidity associated with myringitis?

What are the racial predilections of myringitis?

What are the sexual predilections of myringitis?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of myringitis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of myringitis?

What is the focus of the physical exam to evaluate myringitis?

Which findings on otoscopic exam are characteristic of myringitis?

What are the bacterial causes of myringitis?

Other than bacteria, what causes TM inflammation in myringitis?

DDX

Which conditions should be considered in the differential diagnosis of myringitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Myringitis (Middle Ear, Tympanic Membrane, Inflammation)?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of myringitis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of myringitis?

What is the role of pure tone and speech audiometry in the workup of myringitis?

What is the role of tympanometry in the workup of myringitis?

Which invasive procedures may be performed in the diagnosis of myringitis?

What is the role of tympanostomy in the treatment of myringitis?

Treatment

What is included in the medical treatment of myringitis?

When is consultation with an otolaryngology (ENT) specialist indicated for the treatment of myringitis?

How is tympanic membrane (TM) perforation treated in myringitis?

What is the efficacy of myringitis treatments?

What is the role of myringoplasty in the treatment of myringitis?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of myringitis?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of myringitis?

Which medications in the drug class Acidifying agents are used in the treatment of Myringitis (Middle Ear, Tympanic Membrane, Inflammation)?

Which medications in the drug class Keratolytic agents are used in the treatment of Myringitis (Middle Ear, Tympanic Membrane, Inflammation)?

Which medications in the drug class Analgesics are used in the treatment of Myringitis (Middle Ear, Tympanic Membrane, Inflammation)?

Follow-up

What is included in postoperative care following myringoplasty to treat myringitis?

How is myringitis prevented?

What are the possible complications of myringitis?

What is the prognosis of myringitis?

What is included in patient education about myringitis?