Middle Ear, Eustachian Tube, Inflammation/Infection Questions & Answers

Updated: Apr 18, 2018
  • Author: Robert B Meek, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infections?

How are middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infections diagnosed?

How are middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infections treated?

What is the pathophysiology of middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infections?

What is the prevalence of middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infection in the US?

What is the global prevalence of middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infection?

What is the morbidity associated with middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infection?

What are the racial predilections of middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infection?

What are the sexual predilections of middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infection?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infection?

Presentation

What is the clinical history of middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infection?

Which physical findings are characteristic of middle ear and eustachian tube inflammation/infections?

What causes middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections?

What is the role of bacteria in the etiology of middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infection?

What are the risk factors for middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections?

What is the role of tympanogram in the diagnosis of middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections?

What is the role of audiometry in the diagnosis of middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections?

What is the role of myringotomy in the diagnosis of middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections?

Treatment

How are middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infection?

Which activity modifications are advised during the treatment of middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infection?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of middle ear and eustachian inflammation/infections?

Which medications in the drug class Anti-inflammatory Agent are used in the treatment of Middle Ear, Eustachian Tube, Inflammation/Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Nasal corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Middle Ear, Eustachian Tube, Inflammation/Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Oral decongestants are used in the treatment of Middle Ear, Eustachian Tube, Inflammation/Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Antimicrobials are used in the treatment of Middle Ear, Eustachian Tube, Inflammation/Infection?

Follow-up

What is included in long-term monitoring of middle ear or eustachian tube inflammation/infections?

When is inpatient care indicated for middle ear or eustachian tube inflammation/infections?

Which medications are used in the treatment of middle ear or eustachian tube inflammation/infections?

What is the role of an otolaryngologist in the evaluation of middle ear or eustachian tube inflammation/infections?

How are middle ear or eustachian tube inflammation/infections prevented?

What is the role of vaccinations in the prevention of middle ear or eustachian tube inflammation/infections?

What are the possible complications of middle ear or eustachian tube inflammation/infections?

What is the prognosis of middle ear or eustachian tube inflammation/infections?

What is included in patient education about middle ear or eustachian tube inflammation/infections?