CSF Rhinorrhea Questions & Answers

Updated: May 08, 2020
  • Author: Kevin C Welch, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

How is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea diagnosed?

What are the treatment options for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the history of surgical repair for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What causes cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the prevalence of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What causes spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What causes cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks?

What causes traumatic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What causes iatrogenic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What causes tumor-related cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What causes congenital cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the pathophysiology of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

Which physical findings are characteristic of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What are indications for surgical repair in patients with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the relevant anatomy of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What are contraindications to surgical repair in patients with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

Workup

What is the role of glucose content determination in the workup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the role of beta-trace protein testing in the workup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the role of beta2-transferrin testing in the workup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the role of CT cisternography in the workup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the role of magnetic resonance (MR) cisternography in the workup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the role of scintiphotography in the workup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

Which diagnostic procedures are performed in the workup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

Treatment

What is the role of conservative management in the treatment of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the role of antibiotics in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the role of diuretics in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What are the surgical options for repair of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks in CSF rhinorrhea?

What is the role of intracranial repair in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What are the external approaches to surgery in the treatment of of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

How is external ethmoidectomy performed in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

How is transethmoidal sphenoidotomy performed in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

How is transseptal sphenoidotomy performed in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

How is the transantral approach performed in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the role of endoscopy in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the efficacy of endoscopy for the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

Which endoscopic approaches are used in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What are the benefits of the transfrontal approach to endoscopy for the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the transcribriform approach to endoscopy for the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the transfovea approach to endoscopy for the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the transplanum approach to endoscopy for the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the transsellar approach to endoscopy for the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the transclival approach to endoscopy for the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the transpterygoid approach to endoscopy for the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is included in the preoperative care of patients with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

How are CSF leaks surgically repaired in the treatment of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

How is the type of graft selected for the endoscopic repair of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What are the donor sites used for surgical grafts in the treatment of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the procedure for placing grafts in the treatment of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What are alternatives to mucosal graft in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is included in the postoperative care following surgical repair of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is included in long-term monitoring following treatment of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What are complications of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea?

What is the prognosis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea following treatment?

Which treatments of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea generate controversy?