Arytenoid Fixation Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 27, 2021
  • Author: Paul C Bryson, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
  • Print
Questions & Answers

Overview

What is cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

How does cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation differ from other forms of vocal fold immobility?

What causes cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

What is the pathophysiology of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

Which physical findings are characteristic of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

What is the anatomy relevant to cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

Workup

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

What is the role of EMG in the workup of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

How is a cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation differentiated from other causes of an immobile vocal fold?

What is the role of laryngoscopy in the workup of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of cricoarytenoid (CA) joint fixation?

Treatment

How is cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation medically treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

Which mobilizing surgical procedures are performed in the treatment of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

Which surgical procedures are used to ameliorate static glottic airway insufficiency in the treatment of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

What is the role of surgical lateralization procedures in the treatment of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

What is the role of endoscopic arytenoid lateropexy in the treatment of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

What is the role of transverse laser cordotomy in the treatment of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

What is the role of medial (partial) arytenoidectomy in the treatment of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

What is the role of endoscopic or open arytenoidectomy in the treatment of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

What is the role of tracheotomy in the treatment of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

What are the possible complications of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation treatment?

What is the outcome and prognosis of cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?

What is the role of prolonged joint immobility in cricoarytenoid (CA) fixation?