Sleep-Disordered Breathing and CPAP Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 13, 2020
  • Author: Vittorio Rinaldi, MD; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the pathophysiology of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What causes sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the prognosis of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What are the possible complications of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and how is it used in the evaluation of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of polysomnography (PSG) in the workup of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of screening questionnaires in the workup of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of ambulatory monitors in the workup of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of acoustic snoring analysis in the workup of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of sleep endoscopy in the workup of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

Treatment

What is included in the initial treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

Which modifications of sleep positions are used in the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

When is thyroid hormone replacement therapy indicated in the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of oral appliances in the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

How does alcohol affect sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of nasal CPAP (n-CPAP) in the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

How is required positive airway pressure determined for the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What are the positive effects of nasal CPAP (n-CPAP) in the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What are the common reasons for noncompliance with nasal CPAP (n-CPAP) for the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What are the options for autotitrating positive airway pressure during the treatment sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of oxygen administration in the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of protriptyline in the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of modafinil in the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of patients with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?