Medical Treatment of Pediatric Sinusitis Questions & Answers

Updated: May 12, 2020
  • Author: Hassan H Ramadan, MD, MSc, FACS, FARS; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of pediatric sinusitis?

Which procedures are performed in the workup of pediatric sinusitis?

What are the indications for antibiotic therapy in the treatment of acute sinusitis?

Which surgical approaches are used in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the prevalence of pediatric sinusitis in the US?

What is the global prevalence of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the morbidity associated with pediatric sinusitis?

What is the racial predilection of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the sexual predilection of pediatric sinusitis?

How does the prevalence of pediatric sinusitis vary by age?

Presentation

Which conditions are associated with pediatric acute sinusitis?

What is pediatric recurrent acute sinusitis?

What is pediatric subacute sinusitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristics of pediatric chronic sinusitis?

What is included in the physical exam for pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of anterior rhinoscopy in the evaluation of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of nasal endoscopy in the evaluation of pediatric sinusitis?

How do the clinical features of pediatric chronic sinusitis vary by age?

What are the causes of acute and subacute pediatric sinusitis?

What are the causes of chronic pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of viral upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) in the etiology of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role allergic rhinitis in the etiology of pediatric sinusitis?

Which anatomical abnormalities are associated with pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of immune deficiency in the etiology of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of asthma in the etiology of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of gastroesophageal reflux disease in the etiology of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of nasal and sinus secretions in the etiology of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of biofilms in the etiology of pediatric sinusitis?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of pediatric sinusitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Medical Treatment of Pediatric Sinusitis?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of CT scanning in the diagnosis of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of plain radiography in the diagnosis of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of MRI in the diagnosis of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of nasal endoscopy in the diagnosis of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of maxillary sinus puncture in the diagnosis of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of middle meatal swab in the diagnosis of pediatric sinusitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of pediatric sinusitis?

Treatment

What is the role of antibiotics in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of irrigation in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of nasal steroids in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of nasal decongestants in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of immunotherapy in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

How is allergic rhinitis treated in pediatric sinusitis?

How is gastroesophageal reflux treated in pediatric sinusitis?

How is immune deficiency treated in pediatric sinusitis?

How is asthma treated in pediatric sinusitis?

How is cystic fibrosis treated in pediatric sinusitis?

How are immotile cilia syndromes treated in pediatric sinusitis?

How is chronic pediatric sinusitis treated?

What is the role of adenoidectomy in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of functional endoscopic sinus surgery in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

What are the most common forms of surgery for pediatric sinusitis?

What is the role of balloon sinuplasty in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with pediatric sinusitis?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Medical Treatment of Pediatric Sinusitis?

Follow-up

What is the role of parents in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

When is inpatient care indicated in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

When is patient transfer indicated in the treatment of pediatric sinusitis?

How is pediatric sinusitis prevented?

What are the possible complications of pediatric sinusitis?

What is the prognosis of pediatric sinusitis?

What is included in patient education about pediatric sinusitis?