Hip Pointer Medication

Updated: Oct 22, 2015
  • Author: John M Martinez, MD; Chief Editor: Sherwin SW Ho, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

The goals of pharmacotherapy in patients with hip point injuries are to reduce morbidity and to prevent complications.

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Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)

Class Summary

NSAIDs have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic activities. The mechanism of action of these agents is not known, but NSAIDs may inhibit cyclooxygenase activity and prostaglandin synthesis. Other mechanisms may also exist, including inhibition of leukotriene synthesis, lysosomal enzyme release, lipoxygenase activity, neutrophil aggregation, and various cell-membrane functions.

Ibuprofen (Ibuprin, Motrin)

DOC for patients with mild to moderate pain. Inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing prostaglandin synthesis.

Naproxen (Aleve, Naprelan, Naprosyn, Anaprox)

For the relief of mild to moderate pain. Inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing the activity of cyclooxygenase, which results in a decrease of prostaglandin synthesis.

Ketoprofen (Oruvail, Orudis, Actron)

For the relief of mild to moderate pain and inflammation. Initially, small doses are indicated in small and elderly patients and in those with renal or liver disease. Doses >75 mg do not increase therapeutic effects. Administer high doses with caution, and closely observe for response.

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Analgesics

Class Summary

Pain control is essential to quality patient care. Analgesics ensure patient comfort, promote pulmonary toilet, and have sedating properties, which are beneficial for patients who experience pain.

Acetaminophen (Feverall, Tempra, Aspirin-Free Anacin, Tylenol)

DOC for pain in patients with documented hypersensitivity to aspirin or NSAIDs, those with upper GI disease, and those taking oral anticoagulants.

Acetaminophen and codeine (Tylenol #3)

Indicated for the treatment of mild to moderate pain.

Hydrocodone and acetaminophen (Vicodin, Lorcet-HD, Lortab, Norcet)

Drug combination indicated for moderate to severe pain.

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